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Latest Vacancy At Save The Children

Date Posted: 08/Aug/2014
Deadline: 25/Aug/2014


A Child Rights Situation Analysis (CRSA) requires a thorough description of the current situation of children set in the context of children’s rights, and then an analysis of the factors that enable or obstruct the attainment of those rights. The analysis should show the progress being made towards achieving national child rights goals and the status of initiatives to achieve their realization. A CRSA serves as an integral part of strategic decision-making and is a critical component to develop country strategic plans.

In 2009 Save the Children conducted a general CRSA to inform the development of a country strategy. The analysis showed that little progress had been made with regard to protecting children’s rights in Nigeria in recent years. The impediments included a lack of up to date data; harmful customary laws and traditional practices such as child marriage; infrequent birth registration; domestic violence towards women; weak social protection policies and systems; weaknesses and contradictions in the juvenile systems; inadequate resources; and an inadequate understanding and support for the rights of the child.

The proposed situation analysis is to focus on the likely causes of malnutrition. The analysis will describe the current situation, examine the likely immediate and underlying causes of malnutrition from the perspective of nutrition, food security and livelihoods, and place the analysis within the context of gender, power and influence at all levels of Nigerian society.

These Terms of Reference outline how the CRSA is expected to be carried out; a more detailed work plan will be developed with the consultant.



The situation analysis will provide a review of relevant data collected within the last 7 years (2008-2014) on the nutrition situation of children aged 0 to 19 years in Nigeria and place it within the context of children’s rights to identify why those rights are not being achieved. The focus of the analysis is on malnutrition as an outcome. The main requirements are to:

  • Summarise key outcome variables and risk factors by region in Nigeria, including the North East and North West Regions as defined by DHS in 2013, in order to place the northern states within the context of Nigeria and highlight inequity in the distribution of malnutrition and causes of malnutrition.
  • Describe for children in the 13 states of northeast and northwest of Nigeria the current situation and recent trends in indicators of anthropometric and nutritional status, food security, preventative services, WASH, and social and cultural determinants of malnutrition, analysed according to the UNICEF conceptual framework and disaggregated whenever possible by age, sex and location.
  • Describe what is being done to treat and prevent malnutrition in northern states by analysing:
  • Current government (State and Federal) policies, legal provisions and commitments as they relate to the rights of children with a particular emphasis on hunger and livelihoods;
  • Current government programmes and practices, capacity and effectiveness, as they relate to preventing malnutrition and hunger and promoting livelihoods;
  • Current programmes and activities of other stakeholders and agencies working in the fields of malnutrition, food security, social protection and child protection.
  • Analyse the extent to which relevant children’s rights have been realized in northern Nigeria and the factors enabling and inhibiting their attainment.
  • Identify and quantify which groups of children are most vulnerable, marginalised or excluded from efforts to attain their rights, and analyse the root causes of their different situation.
  • Identify opportunities and impediments for Save the Children to make a significant contribution to the fulfilment of the rights of children in northern Nigeria over the next five years in the fields of hunger and livelihoods, including government capacity to deliver, the priorities of donors, and the extent to which other agencies are working in the same field, so the scope for making a difference.
  • Apply to the analysis cross-cutting themes of gender, accountability, advocacy, child protection and disaster risk reduction.


The CRSA will be done by the consultants in five stages:

*Stage 1. Collect and review data sources, define scope of work and describe the methods (5 days)*

Specify the scope of the analysis, develop and describe the methods to extract and analyse data, and develop a plan of action, all to be agreed with Save the Children’s technical advisors and management.

*Stage 2. Extract and summarise data (10 days for quantitative data review and potentially up to 20 days for gathering and review of relevant policy documents by a second consultant).*

Collect all written reports that contain relevant data including: Demographic and Health Surveys in 2009 and 2013; Multiple Index Cluster Surveys; SMART surveys done by UNICEF, SCI and ACF in northern states, mainly as a part of WINNN (Working to Improve Nutrition in Northern Nigeria programme); ad hoc surveys of nutrition, food security and livelihoods done by government or other agencies working in northern states; and any other reports including those on gender analysis and published papers identified by searches on PubMed and other abstracting services. Extract, collate and summarise the data.

Collect all documents (State level and Federal) describing government policies, legal provisions and commitments, including relevant rights frameworks and conventions, as they relate to the rights of children with a particular emphasis on nutrition, food security and livelihoods. Extract, collate and summarise the data. Based on phase 2 refine the scope of analysis as needed in discussion with programme team in Nigeria and PPQ team in London.

*Stage 3.**Analyse the data and develop a causal framework (10 days)*

Using the UNICEF conceptual model, develop a framework that identifies the most likely immediate and underlying causes of malnutrition focusing on stunting (low height-for-age) and wasting (low weight-for-height) as the main outcomes as they are considered to reflect chronic and acute malnutrition, respectively. Identify the role of hunger and livelihoods and of broader maternal and social determinants such as adolescent pregnancy in causing malnutrition. Identify the gaps in services which are needed to meet the needs of children to prevent malnutrition. Identify the social and behavioural changes which are needed to meet the needs of children and prevent malnutrition. Identify data that are insufficient or missing, and describe how they might be obtained.

Conduct interviews with key informants in the fields of nutrition, health, food security and social protection in national government, United Nations agencies, international NGOs, and subject experts to assess their views of the causal framework and the most likely principal causes of malnutrition and food insecurity in northern Nigeria. (Optional)

Revise the causal framework based on the reviews and comments of experts.

*Stage 4.**Analyse the current responses to the direct and underlying causes of malnutrition against the causal framework and suggest high impact response options to addressing child malnutrition (10 days)*

Analyse and summarise the information about the extent to which government policies, provisions and commitments are implemented or met in northern Nigeria and assess their potential, if implemented and fully met, to provide the rights of children.

Compare the findings with the relevant international child and human rights instruments including the United Nations Child Rights Convention (UNCRC), the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCRP), the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) and the African Charter of Rights of Women and Children (ACRWC).

Share the causal framework with colleagues in SCI and obtain critical reviews of the analysis and response options. Analyse the country strategy of Save the Children in the context of this analysis.

Place the analysis of causes and outcome in the context of relevant State and Federal policies and identify a lack of policies or commitments compared with international standards. Identify the most likely solutions to the causes of malnutrition in the major domains of causation: diet and food security; disease and disease prevention services; and caring practices, including the control and empowerment of women.

*Stage 5. Reporting (5 days for first draft and 2 days for final report)*

Draft a report that describes the background, aims, methods, results, analysis, conclusions and recommendations based on the current country strategy of Save the Children. Present the report at a workshop in Abuja, led by the consultant. Based on the feedback from the workshop finalise the conclusions and recommendations.


  1. A description of the methods to be applied and a timeline for undertaking the review in line with the methods described above, for approval before beginning the review.
  2. Period reports of progress
  3. Presentation of data and analysis at a workshop
  4. A written report of the analysis of no more than 30 pages without annexes in the following sections: introduction, aims, methods, results, analysis, discussion, recommendations. This to be based on the types of data described in stages 2, 3 and 4, above. A draft should be shared for comment and final report shared incorporating feedback.
  5. Printed or electronic copies (on a CD or memory stick) of all sources of data and information collected during the analysis


Lead consultant:

  • Advanced university degree in public health, nutrition or similar subject.
  • Previous experience in development of analytical reports and policy documents related to child nutrition,
  • Ability to synthesize and analyse large amounts of information combining quantitative and qualitative data
  • Understanding and knowledge of the Nigeria social policy context
  • Excellent written English
  • Knowledge of a human rights based approach to programmes, and preferably experience with preparation of a Child Rights Situation Analysis is desirable

Second consultant (Nigeria Nationals Only):

  • Strong understanding and knowledge of the Nigeria social policy context
  • Proven ability to access, review and synthesise key policy documents

The timeframe for the lead consultant is expected to be a total of 42 work days, and for the second consultant up to 20 days.


We shall evaluate each response that is properly submitted. Selection of a Respondent will be based on the following criteria:

(a) Respondent’s capabilities, including:

(i) The ability to respond to and meet the guidelines and conditions set forth in this terms of reference;

(ii) Demonstrated capacity to perform the type of services sought;

(b) Qualifications and experience of respondent including professional credentials, operational and practical experience;

(c) Reasonableness of budget and schedule;

(e) We reserve the right to consider such other relevant factors as it deems appropriate in order to obtain “best value”. We may or may not seek additional information from Respondents prior to making a selection.

How to apply:


All applicants should send a C.V., a list of reports or publications that are similar in nature, and a covering letter with a 500 words statement explaining their suitability for the task to [email protected]. In addition candidates should send an electronic version of a relevant report written in English in which the candidate was a sole author.

Deadline for submissions is: Monday, August 25, 2014

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